In this lesson we’re going to learn how to conjugate Italian verbs in present tense and the verb essere – to be. Also, we will learn question words (what, who, when etc.), some very often used words, and then will try to talk about ourselves by using all words that we’re going to learn in this lesson.

There are verbs that end on –ARE, –ERE, –IRE, in Italian language. And they have a slight difference in conjugation. Let’s conjugate the three Italian verbs: Parlare – to speak, Dormire – to sleep, Rispondere – to answer

Parlare – to speak

Io parloI speak
Tu parliYou speak
Lui parlaHe speaks
Lei parlaShe speaks
Lei parlaYou (formal) speak
Noi parliamoWe speak
Voi parlateYou speak
Loro parlanoThey speak


And the verbs ending on -ERE and -IRE will have slightly different endings (-e for lui/lei, -ite for voi, -ono for loro)

Dormire – to sleep

Io dormoI sleep
Tu dormiYou sleep
Lui dormeHe sleeps
Lei dormeShe sleeps
Lei dormeYou (formal) sleep
Noi dormiamoWe sleep
Voi dormiteYou sleep
Loro dormonoThey sleep


Rispondere – to answer

Io rispondoI answer
Tu rispondiYou answer
Lui rispondeHe answers
Lei rispondeShe answers
Lei rispondeYou answer (formal)
Noi rispondiamoWe answer
Voi risponditeYou answer
Loro rispondonoThey answer


Conjugate the following verbs:

Abitare – to live

Lavorare – to work

Imparare – to learn

Amare – to love

Cercare – to look for/to search

Trovare – to find

Prendere – to take

Giocare – to play

Mangiare – to eat

Pensare – to think

Viaggiare – to travel


In order to form a negation, one must add NON before a verb:

Io non parlo – I don’t speak

Liu non lavora – He doesn’t work

Lei non cerca – She doesn’t search

Noi non troviamo – We don’t find

Voi non giocate – You don’t play

Loro non mangiano – They don’t play


The verb ESSERE – to be (irregular verb)

Io sonoI am
Tu seiYou are
Lui èHe is
Lei èShe is
Lei èYou are (formal)
Noi siamoWe are
Voi sieteYou are
Loro sonoThey are


Before we start practicing, let’s learn the question words:

Che? / Che Cosa? – what?

Chi? – Who?

Quando? – When?

Dove? – Where?

Quanto? – How much?

Perchè? – why?

Start talking about yourself, and whatever you can using the words you’ve just learned

Io sono di Stati Uniti d’America. Io abito e lavoro a Nuova York – I am from United States of America. I live and work in New York

Noi siamo di Roma ma adesso abitiamo a Firenze – We are from Rome but now we live in Florence

Eduardo e Laura sono di Piza ma lavorano a Milano – Eduardo and Laura are from Piza but they work in Milan

Che cosa pensi di questo? – What do you think about it?

Dove Lei abita? – Where do You live?

Perchè non impair l’Italiano? – Why don’t you learn Italian?

Che cosa mangi? – What do you eat?

Dove tu viaggi a Italia quando impari l’Italiano? – Where do you travel when you learn Italian?

Lei è di Germania ma abita a Italia – She is from Germany but lives in Italy