Lesson 2: Polish verbs in present tense

There are 3 groups of verb conjugation in the present tense in Polish language.

Group 1: verbs ending in –ować

For verbs from this group – cut off the ending – ować and add an appropriate ending:

Pracować – to work

Ja pracujęI work
Ty pracujeszYou work
On, ona pracujeHe, she works
My pracujemyWe work
Wy pracujecieYou work (plural)
Oni, one pracująThey work

All regular Polish verbs from this group will have these endings.

Group 2: verbs ending in -ić, -eć, -yć

All regular Polish verbs from this group will have the following endings:

Mówić – to speak

Ja mówI speak
Ty mówiszYou speak
On, ona mówiHe, she speaks
My mówimyWe speak
Wy mówicieYou speak (plural)
Oni, one mówiąThey speak

Tańcz – to dance, Myśleć – to think

Ja tańczęJa myślę
Ty tańczyszTy myślesz
On, ona tańczyOn, ona myśli
My tańczymyMy myślimy
Wy tańczycieWy myślicie
Oni, one tańcząOni,one myślą

Group 3: verbs ending in –ać.

Regular Polish verbs of this group end in –am with the pronuon Ja.

Pyt – to ask

Ja pytamI ask
Ty pytaszYou ask
On, Ona pytaHe, she asks
My pytamyWe ask
Wy pytacieYou ask (plural)
Oni, one pytająThey ask

Also, we have to know how to use negation, i.e. to say for example “I don’t know”, and how to ask questions, like “do you know?”.

In Polish language the negation is formed by the particle NIE:

Ja nie czekam – I don’t wait

Ona nie studiuje – She doesn’t study

And in order to make a question form, add the particle CZY in front of question:

Czy mówisz po Polsku? – Do you speak Polish?

Czy ty nie pijesz wódki – Don’t you drink vodka?

And now, let’s consider some Polish irregular verbs:

Rozumieć – to understand, Ja rozumiem – I understand

Studiować – to study, this verb is conjugated as a verb fom 2nd group: Ja studiuję instead of ja studiujam;

Jeść – to eat: Ja jem, ty jesz, on je, my jemy, wy jecie, oni jedzą;

Pić – to drink: Ja piję, ty pijesz, my pijemy, wy pijecie, oni/one piją

Memorize Polish question words:

Co? – what?

Kto? – who?

Gdzie?  –  where?

Dlaczego? – Why? What for?

Czemu – Why?

Ile? – How much/how many?

Kiedy? – When?

Examples

Dlaczego studiujesz Polski język? – Why do you study Polish language?

Kto co robi tutaj? – Who what does here?

Czy słuchacie mnie? – Do you(plural) hear me?

Gdzie Pan mieszka? – Where do you(formal, masculine) live?

Czy Pani podróżuje samolotem? – Do you(formal, feminine) travel by plane?

Ja zawsze czytam książki w podróży – I always read books in travel

3 Comments

  1. Sebastian Lelek

    August 9, 2019 at 1:40 pm

    mistakes:
    1. Czy nie pijesz wódku? (correct form: wódki?) – Don’t you drink vodka? (more correctly: Nie pijesz wódki? or Czy ty nie pijesz wódki?)
    2. Pić – to drink: Ja piem, ty piesz, my pijemy, wy pijecie, onu piją. (Pić – to drink: Ja piję, ty pijesz, my pijemy, wy pijecie, oni/one piją.
    3. Dlaczego studiujesz Polsku? (Polski?) – Why do you study Polish?
    4. Gdzie Pan meszka? (mieszka?) – Where do you(formal, masculine) live?
    5. Ja zawsze czytam książki w transporcie (w podróży or podróżując)– I always read books in transport (in travel).

  2. Sebastian Lelek

    August 9, 2019 at 1:44 pm

    *3. Dlaczego studiujesz Polsku? (polski?) – Why do you study Polish?
    – (język) “polski” – it is adjective

    1. Artemiy

      September 17, 2019 at 12:31 pm

      Thank you very much for the fixes. Currently in the course description, it stats that lessons are in test mode and not corrected by a native speaker yet. Thank you very much for your help and contribution!

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