Serbian cases of adjectives

Serbian cases of adjectives are much easier to memorize than cases of Serbian nouns. Here we have to remember that one adjective has a form in each gender – it means we will have to memorize endings of singular masculine, feminine, neuter form, and endings of plural masculine, feminine and neuter forms.

If you don’t remember how to use each case, go to the lesson Introduction to Serbian cases, open this page in next tab.

Singular:

Jeftin (m), Jeftina (f), Jeftino (n) – Cheap

Nominativejeftinjeftinajeftino
GenitiveJeftinogjeftinejeftinog
Dativejeftinomjeftinojjeftinom
AccusativeJeftini/jeftinog*jeftinujeftino
Instrumentaljeftinimjeftinomjeftinim
Locativejeftinomjeftinojjeftinom
Vocativejeftinijeftinajeftino

*- Adjectives in accusative case referring to an inanimate object, it will be declined same as in nominative case; adjectives in accusative case referring to an animate object will be declined same as in genitive case.

Plural:

Jeftini (m), Jeftine (f), Jeftina (n) – Cheap

Nominativejeftinijeftinejeftina
GenitiveJeftinihjeftinihjeftinih
Dativejeftinimjeftinimjeftinim
AccusativeJeftinejeftinejeftina
Instrumentaljeftinimjeftinimjeftinim
Locativejeftinimjeftinimjeftinim
Vocativejeftinijeftinejeftina

Now, let’s decline one more adjective:

Slobodan(m), Slobodna(f), Slobodno(n) – free (in meaning “free from something”), singular.

NominativeSlobodanSlobodnaSlobodno
GenitiveSlobodnogslobodneslobodnog
DativeSlobodnomslobodnojslobodnom
AccusativeSlobodni/slobodnogslobodnuslobodno
Instrumentalslobodnimslobodnomslobodnim
Locativeslobodnomslobodnojslobodnom
Vocativeslobodnislobodnaslobodno

Slobodni (m), Slobodne  (f),  Slobodna (n) – free, plural

NominativeSlobodniSlobodneSlobodna
GenitiveSlobodnihslobodnihslobodnih
DativeSlobodnimslobodnimslobodnim
AccusativeSlobodne/slobodneslobodneslobodna
Instrumentalslobodnimslobodnimslobodnim
Locativeslobodnimslobodnimslobodnim
Vocativeslobodnislobodneslobodna

As you can see, adjectives that have masculine singular ending –AN will be declined like SLOBODNOG (genitive) instead of SLOBODANOG.

Also, adjectives like BEO (m), BELA (f), BELO (n)– white in masculine form (BEO)  will be declined with stem BEL. E.g. BELOG in genitive case instead of BEOG.

Decline about 50 adjectives on your own in order to be able to do it automatically in live speech.

Examples

Imao sam crvenu majicu – I had a red t-shirt (crven – red, majica – t-short). Crvenu – accusative case,

Napiši to plavom olovkom – Write it by a blue pencil (plav – blue, olovka – pencil). Plavom – instrumental case, instrument of the verb “napisati – to write”.

Koliko slobodnih sati imaš danas? – How many free hours do you have today? (sat – hour, danas – today). Slobodnih – genitive case, indication of amount.

On je poklonio cvijeće lijepoj ženi – he presented flovers to a beautiful woman (cviet – flower, liep – beautiful, žena – woman). Lepoj – dative case, indirect object of “pokloniti – to resent”.

Između tih velikih kuća ima mala staza – There is a small path between those big houses. Velikih – genitive, after the preposition “IZMEĐU – between”.

Mačka trči za malim pasom – The cat runs after the dog. Pasa – instrumental, after the preposition “ZA – after”.

Preduzetnik je rizikovao krupnu količinu novca – An entrepreneur risked a large amount of money. Krupnu – accusative, direct object of “rizikovati – to risk”.

Reci mi o tvojem dugom putovanju – Tell me about your long trip. Dugom – locative, after the preposition “O – about”.

Šta je to na tvojoj glavi? – What is it on your head? Glavi – locative, after the preposition “NA – on”.

Vocabulary

Mačka – cat

Trčati – to run

Novac – money

Krupan – large

Pokloniti – to present

Preduzetnik – entrepreneur

Rizikovati – to risk

Putovanje – trip

Glava – head

Velik – big

Pas – dog

Lep – beautiful

Cviet – flover

Žena – woman

Slobodan – free

Dug – long

Plav – blue

Mali – small

Exercises

Decline adjectives in appropriate gender and case

  1. Da li ste provodili odmor u _______________ zemljama? (TOPAO – warm) – Did you vacation in warm countries?
  2. Prozor je zatvoren zbog __________________ sunca (SVETAO – bright) – The window is closed because of the bright sun
  3. Gde ste videli ove _________________ ljude? (MLAD – young) – Where did you see these young people?
  4. Ćemo plivati u ________________ jezeru (DUBOK – deep) – We will swim in the deep lake
  5. Da li si nekada bio u _______________ restoranu? (TURSKI – Turkish) – Have you ever been to a Turkish restaurant?
  6. Ovo jelo je vrlo _______________ (UKUSAN – tasty) – This dish is very tasty
  7. Upoznao sam mnogo stvarno _____________ ljudi (HRABAR – brave) – I met many really brave people
  8. Nikola je otišao u bar posle _________________ dana (RADNI – working) – Nikola went to a bar after the working day
  9. Moja prijatelica sakuplja mnoge _________________ stvari (NEOBIČAN – unusual) – My friend collects many unusual things
  10. Da bi smanjio stress, treba smanjiti količinu _________________ faktora (DOSADAN – annoying) – In order to reduce stress, one must reduce the amoung of annoying factors
  11. Jovan radi sa ________________ klijentima (OZBILJAN – serious) – Jovan works with serious clients
  12. Posle _____________ pada, cena za akcije kompanije je počela da raste (DUG – long) – After the long fall, the price for stocks of the company began to rise

Answers

1: toplih; 2: svetlog; 3: mlade; 4: dubokom; 5: turskom; 6: ukusno; 7: hrabrih; 8: radnog; 9: neobični stvari; 10: dosadnih; 11: ozbilnjima; 12: dugog

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