Serbian nouns and adjective: gender and plural

There are 3 grammatical genders in Serbian language: masculine, feminine, neuter. All Serbian nouns and adjectives belongs to one of them.

Genders of Serbian nouns

Masculine Serbian nouns end in consonants:

Vojnik – soldier, Prodavac – seller, Učitelj – teacher, Bicikl – bicycle, Grad – city, Automobil – car, Prijatelj – friend.

Feminine Serbian nouns end in –A:

Prijatelica – friend (woman), Kola – car (in train), Pekara – bakery, Stolica – chair, Lampa – lamp, Kuća – house, Žena – woman/wife, Država – country/state.

Neuter Serbian nouns end in –O or –E:

Drvo – tree, Dete – child, Vreme – time, Vrijeme – weather, More – sea, Putovanje – trip/journey/travel, Pivo – beer, Pozorište – theater.

Genders of Serbian adjectives

One adjective, unlike nouns, can belong to each of three genders depending on a noun that this adjective describes.

Lep – beautiful (masculine)

Lepa – beautiful (feminine)

Lepo – beautiful (neuter)

Zauzet – busy (m), zauzeta (f), zauzeto (n)

Beo – white (m), bele (f), belo (n)

And masculine adjectives ending in –an have feminine endings –na, and neuder ending –no.

Slobodan – free (m), slobodna (f), slobodno (n)

Besplatan – free (in sense of money) (m), besplatna (f), besplatno (n)

Also, adjectives in neuter gender can be used as ADVERBS.

For example:

Slobodno – freely, brzo – quickly,  Sporo – slowly.

Plural of Serbian nouns

Masculine Serbian nouns in plural form end in –I:

Avion – airplane, Avioni – airplanes

Čajnik – teapot, Čajnici – teapots. Notice, that K always changes by C, and H by S  in masculine plural endings.

Monah – monk, Monasi – monks

And, -AK changes by –CI, -AC by –CI:

Sastanak – meeting, Sastanci – meetings,

Muškarac –man, Muškarci – men.

However, masculine nouns ending in -G, -D, -L, -T, -Z will have ending –OVI:

Grad – city, Gradovi – cities

Tekst – text, Tekstovi – texts

And nouns ending in –Ž end in –EVI in plural:

Nož – knife, Noževi – knives

Feminine Serbian nouns in plural form end in –E:

Mačka – cat , Mačke – cats

Ograda – fence, Ograde – fences

Žena – woman/wife, Žene – women/wives

Neuter Serbian nouns in plural form end in –A:

Polje – field, Polja – fields

Pismo – letter, Pisma – letters

Plural of Serbian adjectives

Serbian adjectives have plural endings:

-I in masculine form

Zgodani muškarci  – handsome men

Brzi automobili – fast cars

-E in feminine form

Bele mačke – white cats

Visoke zgrade – high buildings

-A in neuter form

Topla lijeta – warm summers

Žuta polja – yellow fields

Examples

Gde su bili tvoje stvari? – Where were your things?

Zašto frižider nije hladan? – Why the refrigerator is not cold?

Ovo je dobra muzika – This is good music

Njihova nova kuća je velika – Their new house is large

Vozovi su komforni – Trains are comfortable

Ovo je veoma teško posao – This is very difficult work

Koliko koštaju ovi kompjuteri? – How much are these computers?

Svi putevi vode u Beograd – All roads lead to Belgrade

Da li imate jeftine tarife? – do you have cheap tariffs?

Vocabulary

Stvar – thing

frižider – refrigerator

hladan – cold

novi – new

muzika – music

veliko – large

jeftin – cheap

tarifa – tariff

voz – train

komforan – comfortable

teško – difficult

kompjuter – computer

koštati – to cost

put – road

voditi – to lead

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close