Serbian nouns and adjective: gender and plural
There are 3 grammatical genders in Serbian language: masculine, feminine, neuter. All Serbian nouns and adjectives belongs to one of them.
Genders of Serbian nouns
Masculine Serbian nouns end in consonants:
Vojnik – soldier, Prodavac – seller, Učitelj – teacher, Bicikl – bicycle, Grad – city, Automobil – car, Prijatelj – friend.
Feminine Serbian nouns end in –A:
Prijatelica – friend (woman), Kola – car (in train), Pekara – bakery, Stolica – chair, Lampa – lamp, Kuća – house, Žena – woman/wife, Država – country/state.
Neuter Serbian nouns end in –O or –E:
Drvo – tree, Dete – child, Vreme – time, Vrijeme – weather, More – sea, Putovanje – trip/journey/travel, Pivo – beer, Pozorište – theater.
Genders of Serbian adjectives
One adjective, unlike nouns, can belong to each of three genders depending on a noun that this adjective describes.
Lep – beautiful (masculine)
Lepa – beautiful (feminine)
Lepo – beautiful (neuter)
Zauzet – busy (m), zauzeta (f), zauzeto (n)
Beo – white (m), bele (f), belo (n)
And masculine adjectives ending in –an have feminine endings –na, and neuder ending –no.
Slobodan – free (m), slobodna (f), slobodno (n)
Besplatan – free (in sense of money) (m), besplatna (f), besplatno (n)
Also, adjectives in neuter gender can be used as ADVERBS.
Slobodno – freely, brzo – quickly, Sporo – slowly.
Plural of Serbian nouns
Masculine Serbian nouns in plural form end in –I:
Avion – airplane, Avioni – airplanes
Čajnik – teapot, Čajnici – teapots. Notice, that K always changes by C, and H by S in masculine plural endings.
Monah – monk, Monasi – monks
And, -AK changes by –CI, -AC by –CI:
Sastanak – meeting, Sastanci – meetings,
Muškarac –man, Muškarci – men.
However, masculine nouns ending in -G, -D, -L, -T, -Z will have ending –OVI:
Grad – city, Gradovi – cities
Tekst – text, Tekstovi – texts
And nouns ending in –Ž end in –EVI in plural:
Nož – knife, Noževi – knives
Feminine Serbian nouns in plural form end in –E:
Mačka – cat , Mačke – cats
Ograda – fence, Ograde – fences
Žena – woman/wife, Žene – women/wives
Neuter Serbian nouns in plural form end in –A:
Polje – field, Polja – fields
Pismo – letter, Pisma – letters
Plural of Serbian adjectives
Serbian adjectives have plural endings:
-I in masculine form
Zgodani muškarci – handsome men
Brzi automobili – fast cars
-E in feminine form
Bele mačke – white cats
Visoke zgrade – high buildings
-A in neuter form
Topla lijeta – warm summers
Žuta polja – yellow fields
Gde su bili tvoje stvari? – Where were your things?
Zašto frižider nije hladan? – Why the refrigerator is not cold?
Ovo je dobra muzika – This is good music
Njihova nova kuća je velika – Their new house is large
Vozovi su komforni – Trains are comfortable
Ovo je veoma teško posao – This is very difficult work
Koliko koštaju ovi kompjuteri? – How much are these computers?
Svi putevi vode u Beograd – All roads lead to Belgrade
Da li imate jeftine tarife? – do you have cheap tariffs?
|Stvar – thing|
frižider – refrigerator
hladan – cold
novi – new
muzika – music
veliko – large
jeftin – cheap
tarifa – tariff
|voz – train|
komforan – comfortable
teško – difficult
kompjuter – computer
koštati – to cost
put – road
voditi – to lead