Spanish future tense and how to say “Must/to have to”

Future tense is the easiest tense in Spanish language, because there is no difference between –AR, -ER, -IR verbs in this tense; they all will have the same endings.

Saltar – to jump

Yo saltaréI will jump
Tú saltarásYou will jump
Él, ella, usted saltaráHe, she, you will jump
Nosotros saltaremosWe will jump
Vosotros saltaréisYou will jump
Ellos, ustedes saltaránThey, you will jump

All regular –AR, -ER, -IR verbs will have these endings in the future tense.

The verbs SER and IR are regular in this tense, however it is better to check their conjugate in order not to get confused with it:

 Ser – to beIr– to go
Yoseréiré
serásirás
Él, ella, ustedseréiré
Nosotrosseremosiremos
Vosotrosseráisiréis
Ellos, ustedesseránirán

Also, there are irregular verbs in this tense, they have the same endings, but another stem.

Irregular verbs:

Tener – to have, stem: TENDR-

Hacer – to do, stem: HAR-

Querer – to want, stem: QUERR-

Poder – can, stem: PODR-

Poner – to put, stem: PONDR-

Saber – to know, stem: SABR-

Decir – to say, stem: DIR-

Venir – to come, stem: VENDR-

Salir – to leave, stem: SALDR-

Examples

Yo iré a la plaza – I will go to the square

Nosotros querremos comer – We will want to eat

David traducirá el texto mañana – David will translate the text tomorrow

¿Tomarás las manzanas del árbol? – Will you take apples from the tree?

Un artista dibujará la imagen de nosotros – An artist will draw an image of us

¿Me amarás por siempre? – Will you love me forever?

Dos hermanos irán a la escuela juntos mañana – Two brother will go to school together tomorrow

Vendremos a la oficina en una hora – We will come to the office in one hour

¿Qué Usted hará si tiene un millón? – What will you do if you have a million?

Despues del entrenamiento sabréis muchas cosas – After the training you will know many things

Conjugate these regular verbs in future tense with all pronouns:

Acordar – to agree
Planificar – to plan
Afectar – to affect
Impactar – to impact
Cocinar – to cook
Discutir – to discuss
Contar – to tell
Reparar – to repair
Descansar – to rest
Construir – to build
Traducir – to translate
Mostrar – to show
Mirar – to watch/ to look

Abrazar – to hug

Near future – IR A + INFINITIVE

There is one more form of the future tense. In the English language we can say “to be going to do something”, “I am going to do something”, in Spanish this construction is almost the same.

IR A + INFINITIVE means “to be going to ….. (do something)”, i.e. in the near future. (IR is conjugated in the appropriate tense)

Examples

¿Quién va a venir aquí? – Who is going to come here?

Miguel iba a servir en el ejército – Miguel was going to serve in army

Mañana ella irá a empezar a hacer deporte – Tomorrow she will be going to start to do sport

La manufactura va a producir cien muestras – The manufacture is going to produce one hundred sample

¿Cuándo van a salir? – When are they going to leave?

Must/to have to

  • Tener que – to have to

Tengo que cocinar la comida por la tarde – I have to cook the food for the evening

¿Qué tienes que hacer hoy? – What do you have to do today?

  • Deber – must

Debemos saberlo – We must know it

Debe estar aquí – it must be here

  • Hay que – one must (passive form)

Hay que tener un pasaporte – One must have a passport

Hay que mantener la paciencia – One must keep patience

Build sentences with these words:

la plaza – square
la iglesia – church
la botella – bottle
el salario – salary
la televición – TV

la bicicleta – bicycle

facíl – easy

el auto – car

el tren – train

la puerta – door

el trabajo – work

el autobús – bus

la casa – home/house,
el traductor – translator
la autopista – highway
la carretera – road
la estación – station
la habitación – room

Exercises

Conjugate verbs in future tense

  1. Él                la tarea antes de mañana (HACER – to do) – He will do this task before tomorrow
  2. Yo                la botella en la mesa (PONER – to put) – I will put the bottle onto the table
  3. Mi padre                una tequila de Mexico (TRAER – to bring) – My father will bring a tequila from Mexico
  4. ¿Cuándo Diana                acá? (VENIR – to come) – When Diana come here?
  5. Los maesteros                nuestras bicicletas (REPARAR – to repair) – The masters will repair our bicycles
  6. La maestra                este tema (EXPLICAR – to explain) – The teacher will explain this subject
  7. El avión                a los Estados Unidos (VOLAR – to fly) – The airplane will fly to the United States
  8. ¿               a un bar despues del trabajo? (IR – to go) – Will you (tú) go to a bar after work?
  9. ¿Te                para el examen? (PREPARAR – to prepare) – Will you (Vosotros) prepare for the exam?
  10. ¿               mi salario o no? (AFECTAR – to affect) – Will it affect my salary or no?
  11. Nosotros                al aeropuerto pronto (LLEGAR – to arrive) – We will arrive to the airport soon
  12. El sacerdote                a la iglesia (SERVIR – to serve) – The priest will serve in the church
  13. Ella                hasta las ocho (TRABAJAR – to work) – She will work until 8.
  14. El clima*                 bueno mañana – The weather will be good tomorrow (SER – to be; *-el clima – masculine exception with the ending -A)
  15. ¿               a tu madre mañana? (LLAMAR – to call) – Will you(Tú) call your mother tomorrow?

Answers

1: hará, 2: pondré, 3: traerá, 4: vendrá,  5: repararán, 6: explicará, 7: volará, 8: irás, 9: prepararáis, 10: afectará, 11: llegaremos, 12: servirá, 13: trabajará, 14: será, 15: llamarás

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